Jacqueline D. Stone, Ph.D., P.T., Harolyn M.E. Belcher, M.D., M.H.S., Prince Attoh, M.A., Ed.D., Michelle D’Abundo, Ph.D., Tao Gong, Ph.D.
Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 10, Issue 2, p320–325
Leadership is a process by which an individual influences a group or individual to achieve a common goal, in this case health promotion for individuals with disabilities.
(1) To examine the association between the transformational leadership behaviors of the Association of University Centers on Disabilities (AUCD) network professionals and their practice beliefs about health promotion activities, specifically cardiovascular fitness and healthy weight, for people with disabilities. (2) To determine if discipline and/or years of practice moderate the association between transformational leadership behaviors and practice beliefs regarding health promotion.
There is a positive association between transformational leadership behaviors and health professionals practice beliefs regarding health promotion activities for persons with disabilities.
A quantitative cross-sectional web-based survey design was used to determine the association between leadership behaviors and practices beliefs regarding health promotion for people with disabilities. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire and an adapted version of the Role of Health Promotion in Physical Therapy Survey were used to measure leadership and practice beliefs, respectively. Multiple regression analysis was applied to determine the association of leadership behaviors with health promotion practice beliefs variables.
Transformational leadership behaviors of the AUCD network professionals were positively associated with health promotion practice beliefs about cardiovascular fitness for people with disabilities. Years post licensure and discipline did not moderate the association between transformational leadership and practice beliefs regarding health promotion.
Transformational leadership may facilitate health professionals’ health promotion practices for people with disabilities. Further research and training in leadership is needed.