Caregiver Research: Respite Care

Effects of respite care for children with developmental disabilities: evaluation of an intervention for at risk families.

Cowen PS, Reed DA.  College of Nursing, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA. Public Health Nurs. 2002 Jul-Aug;19(4):272-83.


Respite child care programs that provide temporary child care, support, and referral services to families of children with developmental disabilities are thought to be a critical component of formal social support interventions deemed necessary to promote healthy family functioning and prevent child maltreatment. This study describes sociodemographic characteristics, parenting stress levels, foster care placement, and founded child maltreatment rates in families of children with developmental disabilities who were using respite care services in a rural Midwestern state. Comparison of matched pre- and post-test Parenting Stress Index scores indicated significant decreases in Total Stress scores (t=3.27, df=86, p=0.0016), Parent Domain scores (t=3.55, df=86, p=0.0006), and Child Domain scores (t=2.2, df=86, p=0.02) following provision of respite care. Through logistic regression, it was determined that life stress, social support, and service level were significantly related to the occurrence of child maltreatment during enrollment ( p < 0.05). The investigator suggests that public health nurses can enhance their case management strategies when working with the parents of children with developmental disabilities by monitoring for caregiver burnout in addition to ensuring that the child is receiving care appropriate for his or her level of need.

Getting out of the house: the challenges mothers face when their children have long-term care needs.

Yantzi NM, Rosenberg MW, McKeever P. Nursing, Health Care, Technology and Place, Toronto, Canada.  Health Soc Care Community. 2007 Jan;15(1):45-55.

In most industrialised countries, the care needs of those who are sick, disabled and frail are increasingly met in peoples’ homes. One of the implications of this shift in the site of care is that individuals with long-term care needs and their family care providers experience social and spatial isolation. Many are housebound and most face considerable challenges in getting out of the house. This paper illuminates these challenges as they are experienced by mothers of children with long-term care needs, and the resulting isolation and disconnection that they experience. Eleven semistructured interviews were conducted in two regions of Ontario, Canada. Grounded theory informed the analysis of the mothers’ accounts of their experiences of getting out of the house. The present findings are derived from a larger investigation of the meanings and experiences of the home as a place of caring for families with children who have long-term care needs. Secondary analysis of the data found that three main challenges restricted the mothers’ abilities to leave their houses. Mothers experienced difficulties getting out of the house when they attempted to leave with the child, and when the child was left with an alternative care provider. Physical challenges were associated with the work and planning required in moving the child’s equipment and supplies, meticulous planning of the outing within the daily schedule, and navigating barriers in the built and natural environments. Social challenges reflected the lack of people within the mothers’ social network of family and friends who have the knowledge and expertise to care for the child. Service challenges resulted from the gaps between the policies and practices of paid respite, and the conditions that must be satisfied in order for mothers to be able and/or willing to leave the house. The authors also examined the reasons why some of the mothers worked from home, and the strategies that they used to get out of the house for employment. In this paper, the authors discuss each challenge, and how it contributes to the mothers’ social and spatial isolation. The mothers’ experiences elucidate the differences between living in a community and being part of a community. The consequences of the isolation on mothers’ daily lives are not recognised in home and community care policy. The suggestions that are put forward concerning paid respite have relevance for home and community care policy and practice.