In this article, we examine cognitive and vocational rehabilitation and the issues related to minority veterans with acquired brain injury (ABI). As more service members are returning from conflict, ways to help them repair their lives, not only physically but also socially and economically, are increasingly needed. The challenges of ABI are multifactorial; that is, the problems are not just cognitive or emotional but spill over into community living and vocational issues. Individuals from racial/ethnic minority backgrounds often face even more difficulties. Therefore, we review the nature of cognitive and vocational rehabilitation and suggest areas for additional research.