Disability assessment: the efficacy of multimedia interactive nurse education

Chiang HC, Lin FY, Hwu YJ.
J Nurs Res. 2013 Jun;21(2):83-93. doi: 10.1097/jnr.0b013e3182921f5a.

1MSN, RN, Director, Department of Nursing, Fong-Yuan Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan 2PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Information Management, Overseas Chinese University 3PhD, RN, Professor, College of Nursing, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology.

BACKGROUND:  Nearly 3% of the population in Taiwan is classified as disabled. Disability assessment directly relates to long-term care quality and resource allocation.

PURPOSE:  The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a multimedia interactive DVD on enhancing nurse knowledgeand disability assessment skills.


The study was a quasi-experimental design. The experimentalgroup received multimedia interactive DVD, and the control group received conventional classroom education. The study gathered data using scales assessing knowledge related to disability assessment and case studies. Scales were implemented before and after multimedia interactive DVD interventions at weeks 2 and 4. In-depth interviews with voice recording were used to collect qualitative data to elicit differences in perception between the experimental and control groups.

RESULTS:   This study found significant improvements in the experimental group in terms of disability assessment knowledge and case study assessment skills. These improvements lasted through at least 1-month posttest. Analysis of interview data for the experimental group showed that the multimedia interactive DVD provided a more flexible approach to learning than classroom education and improved participant self-confidence to conduct disability assessments.

CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:   The study showed the effectiveness of the developed multimedia interactive DVD in significantly improving the disability assessment confidences of nurses. Study findings can be used as a reference guide for continuing educational efforts in long-term care settings.