Effects of a mindfulness-based smoking cessation program for an adult with mild intellectual disability

Singh NN, Lancioni GE, Winton AS, Singh AN, Singh J, Singh AD.  American Health and Wellness Institute, Verona, VA, USA. nnsingh@ahwinstitute.com.  Res Dev Disabil. 2011 May-Jun;32(3):1180-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.01.003. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Smoking is a major risk factor for a number of health conditions and many smokers find it difficult to quit smoking without specific interventions. We developed and used a mindfulness-based smoking cessation program with a 31-year-old man with mild intellectual disabilities who had been a smoker for 17 years. The mindfulness-based smoking cessation program consisted of three components: intention, mindful observation of thoughts, and Meditation on the Soles of the Feet. A changing-criterion analysis showed that this man was able to fade his cigarette smoking from 12 at baseline to 0 within 3 months, and maintain this for a year. Follow-up data, collected every 3 months following the maintenance period, showed he was able to abstain from smoking for 3 years. Our study suggests that this mindfulness-based smoking cessation program merits further investigation.